Solitaire variants

Solitaire is a card game that you play alone. You place 52 or 104 cards from a French deck of cards and begin to sort them in a system according to colors and card height. The rules for solitaire can be found here: Solitaire rules .

3 Solitaire variants – play alone

Solitaire actually comes from France, but is known there under the name Patience. Patience means something like patience and you also need patience if you want to play it. It was first given the name Solitaire in the USA. In Europe it is known as a board game that also originated in France. Nowadays, however, the term solitaire is understood worldwide as the card game, which has to do with the fact that it is mainly played on computers and these come from America. Most importantly, all versions of Windows have one or more variants of Solitaire saved. Countless other versions are available for download.

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Game variants of Solitaire I

Solitaire has many different types. The most common are described here. On this page the types heart to heart, red and black and thirteen times four are described.

Heart to heart

This solitaire is played with a 32 sheet game of skat. In this type of solitaire you are finished when you manage to sort out all 8 heart cards. To do this, you shuffle the cards first and then form a talon. In the case of a talon, the cards are placed face down. In this variant of Solitaire, three cards must first be placed next to each other. If there is a heart, set it aside. Then place three cards again on top of the first three so that they are half covered.

This process is carried out a total of 5 times. Every heart is sorted out. Then collect all the cards except the hearts that were included and shuffle again. Then lay out again as you did the first time and repeat everything as before, a total of 3 times. If you have all hearts afterwards, you have won, otherwise you have lost.

Red and black

For this version of Solitaire you need 52 cards, which are shuffled back into a talon. Then you take off 2 cards. If one of the cards is red and the other black, then you can put it aside. Otherwise they are put on their own pile. This is now done with all cards until the talon is out. Then the deck in this solitaire, on which the cards were added that were not red and black in the two pack, is shuffled again and a new round begins. If you have divided all cards in red and black after 2 rounds, you have won. A very exciting way to play solitaire.

Thirteen times four

This form of solitaire also requires a 52 card set. The value of the cards must be taken into account. An ace counts for one and then simply in order to the king, who is worth 13. The cards are laid out in a row of 13 cards. If a card lands on its agreed value (e.g. 8 in the 8th place from the left), then you take it out. You then have to leave some space. Then another row is laid on top of the other in this solitaire.

The whole thing is then repeated 4 times. Then all cards are laid out and you can start moving. A card may only be placed in its original position (e.g. king in row 13). When all 4 cards of one value are in place, you cannot move any further. In the end, you have won this Solitaire if you have sorted all cards according to their value.

Game variants of Solitaire II:

The game has many different types. The Solitaire categories “The Wheel” and “Goodbye” are described here.

The wheel

You also need 52 cards for this. These are shuffled first. Then in Solitaire you put the first twelve face down as an auxiliary pile in the middle and distribute 8 cards in a circle around the auxiliary pile. The short side of the cards should face the auxiliary pile. This should result in the shape of a wheel and the 8 cards serve as spokes. The next card is placed under the wheel as a base card. It should also be noted that there is space for three more base maps.

The basic cards of Solitaire are used to build so-called “mixed families”. This means that every red card can only be followed by a black card and vice versa. This only works like this with a few forms of solitaire. So if there is a red jack, the next card is a black queen. To win the game, you have to build four such rows on the base cards and process all of the cards in them.

In this form of Solitaire, the values shown on the first base card are also shared by all other base cards. This means that if the first card is an 8 of hearts, the other three eights (spades, diamonds, clubs) must be the other base cards. This is why you first check whether one of the 8 cards laid out or the first of the auxiliary pile shows the value of the basic card. If so, this map will be used as the new base map.

After that you can always remove cards from the wheel, just following the rules of Solitaire. When a space becomes free, it is filled with a card from the auxiliary pile. If the auxiliary pile is empty in this Solitaire, a new card is simply taken from the talon in this variant of Solitaire. If no card on the wheel fits, you take the top card of the talon, as this also plays. If this doesn't fit either, it is discarded. If you go through everything like this and in the end not all cards have come to the basemaps, it didn't work out and you lost.


Again, a French 52 card set is required to play Solitaire. This is divided into 12 packs of 4 cards and the remaining 4 are placed face down in the talon. The 12 packages of Solitaire are now placed face down in a row. The aim is to sort the cards in such a way that they lie there in ascending order from the ace to the king. In the respective colors, of course. You start by picking up the top card of the first package and pushing it under the package with its value.

Then you take the top card of this package. If you find a king, you start a thirteenth package. Then you turn over the first card of the talon. If you can no longer take the top card of a pack because the value already matches this pack, you have lost this game of Solitaire. If everything fits, at the end the cards that were placed under the package first come to light.

Game variants of Solitaire III:

The game has many different types. Here Solitaire is described in the form of eight-pack solitaire, the color eleven, the good thirteen and the eleven.

The eight-pack solitaire

All you need is a 32 card game of Skat. According to the name of this solitaire, the cards are divided into 8 packs of 4 cards each. 3 cards are face down and one is open per package. You always have to take away two cards of the same value. If this is no longer possible, you have lost. When two cards are gone, you can turn over the cards underneath them (one per pack). If you have 3 identical cards available, you can look under the cards and only then decide which one to take away.

The color elf

This solitaire is again played with a 52 card set. The cards are turned up in four piles of four cards. The rest remains in the talon. You can only put down cards in this solitaire if they are of the same color and add up to 11. The resulting gaps are filled in by the talon. A jack, queen, king or ace may only be put away in this variant of Solitaire if a card of the same suit is available. You win if you use up the talon in this way and all cards have been discarded.

The good thirteen

For this solitaire you take a 52 card set. You place the first 10 cards from the talon, the rest remain. In this form of Solitaire, cards are discarded when they add up to the value thirteen. The color does not matter and the king can be put down alone, since he already counts for thirteen. Again you win when you have used up all the cards in the talon.

The elf

A 52 card set is also required for this solitaire. The first twelve cards of the set are laid out on the table. It is suitable to sort them in rows of four. Then in this variant of Solitaire you look for cards that add up to 11 together. The color does not matter. Cards that show pictures must be taken again when they are laid out and pushed under the talon, unless you already have a pair, then the picture card is placed on it. If you win, there will be 12 pairs with pictures on them at the end.

That was quite a bit about solitaire. There are a few other ways of playing the game, however. But these forms are then rather unofficial. Nowadays, solitaire is mostly played on a computer, as that saves you the work of laying the cards.

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